Citizen’s motivation in Neighbourhood Planning in North West England





Neighbourhood Plans, individual motivation, community engagement


Although some researchers have addressed the question of what motivates citizens to become involved in lower tier planning in the UK, the phenomenon is not yet fully understood. A lack of hard data, combined with some mutually contradictory arguments in the field, makes for imperfect analysis, and this can potentially undermine the effectiveness of individual engagement in Neighbourhood Plans (NPs). This paper focuses on what motivates citizens to participate in the process of creating NPs in North West England, and explores past theories on individual motivation. This study achieved its research aims through extensive research of the relevant literature, combined with an empirical study of five neighbourhoods in North West England. The main conclusion drawn from the dissertation is that there are complex and multiple motivations of people participating in NPs, and these impetuses are affected by a range of political, environmental and socio-economic factors. This research offers opportunities to enhance the effectiveness of NPs for researchers and NP stakeholders alike.



Author Biographies

Xinxin Cao, National Tsing Hua University

Xinxin Cao has A cross-national research background with teaching portfolio and commission to the development of spatial and territorial planning. Xinxin Cao is a full-time dual PhD student at the University of Liverpool and National Tsing Hua University.

John Sturzaker , University of Hertfordshire

John is the Ebenezer Howard Chair of Planning at the University of Hertfordshire. He is particularly interested in how cities grow in more "sustainable" ways, with an understanding of sustainability that considers all those involved, including those with less power and influence in the planning and development systems.


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